Why do we use frameworks in education?

A framework is a particular set of rules, ideas, or beliefs which you use in order to deal with problems or to decide what to do[1].   Typical problems in education are: quality enhancement, needs and preconditions of learners, pedagogical concepts, structure of lessons (or courses) and other more. Teaching and learning frameworks are research-informed

What does “flipped” mean?

The flipped approach means active and self-directed learning, to “flip” the roles (Trainer ⇒ Facilitator, Learner ⇒ Self-determining adult) with self-responsibility for their learning (heutagogical approach). Heutagogy means self-determined learning. It is important that learners acquire both competencies and capabilities. Competency can be understood as proven ability in acquiring knowledge and skills (and attitudes), while