What does “flipped” mean?

The flipped approach means active and self-directed learning, to “flip” the roles (Trainer ⇒ Facilitator, Learner ⇒ Self-determining adult) with self-responsibility for their learning (heutagogical approach). Heutagogy means self-determined learning. It is important that learners acquire both competencies and capabilities. Competency can be understood as proven ability in acquiring knowledge and skills (and attitudes), while